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Lucid3 system
requirements

A

acute:

sharp, pointed, referring to an angle of less than 90

aedeagus:

the male intromittent organ (penis)

Afrotropical:

the region consisting of Africa south of the Sahara Desert, Madagascar, and the eastern Arabian Peninsula

anal comb:

a toothed structure on the last abdominal segment used to eject frass away from the feeding larva; also termed "anal fork"

anal shield:

a sclerotized plate on the dorsal surface of the last abdominal segment

anellus:

a variably cup-shaped sclerotized sheet surrounding the base of the aedeagus

anterior:

before, to the front, toward the head

Australasia:

the region consisting of Australia, New Guinea, and much of Indonesia

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B

bifid:

cleft, forked, divided into two parts

bivoltine:

having or producing two generations per year

bursa copulatrix:

the female genital chamber that is divided into the ductus bursae and the corpus bursae

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C

caulis:

a rigid stem connecting the juxta and anellus

cestum:

a long, bandlike sclerotization of the wall of the ductus bursae

chaetosema:

a small sensory organ located above the compound eye in some families of Lepidoptera

chaetotaxy:

the arrangement of setae (in reference to Lepidoptera larvae), often depicted on a "setal map"

cornuti:

spines used to anchor the male vesica in the female bursa during copulation

cornutus:

singular of "cornuti"

corpus bursae:

a dilated membranous sac at the anterior end of the bursa copulatrix

costa:

the anterior margin of each wing

crochets:

hooked spines on the prolegs of Lepidopterous larvae

cucullus:

the distal portion of the male valva

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D

dash:

a short, sharp, black line on the forewing

dimorphic:

having two distinctly different forms within a species (see sexually dimorphic)

distal:

farthest from body, distant from point of attachment

diurnal:

active or flying during the day

dorsal:

upper, to the top, on the back

ductus bursae:

a membranous tube connecting the ostium bursae to the corpus bursae

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E

emarginate:

indented, notched, or cut out at the margin

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F

falcate:

narrow, curved and pointed, sickle-shaped

fascia:

a dark transverse band on the forewing

fasciae:

plural of "fascia"

filiform:

threadlike, long and slender with uniform cross section

forewing costal fold:

a flap or fold at the base of the forewing that contains specialized sex scales

frenulum:

a single spine (males) or multiple spines (females) that project anteriorly from the base of the hindwing; used to couple the hindwings to the forewings in flight by means of a retinaculum on the forewing

FWL:

forewing length; the distance from the base of the forewing to the apex, including fringe

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G

gnathos:

a narrow bandlike structure that joins the posterolateral edges of the tegumen and supports the anal tube

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H

Holarctic:

the region consisting of the northern continents of the world

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I

instar:

the period between molts in the larval stage of an insect

invaginated:

inwardly folded, pocketlike, scooped out

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L

labial palpi:

a pair of sensory appendages that project from the lower part of the head; usually covered in scales and three-segmented

lateral:

to the side

LBAM:

light brown apple moth (Epiphyas postvittana)

lustrous:

bright, shining, metallic

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M

maculation:

markings, pattern of spots, bands, blotches, streaks, etc.

maxillary palpi:

a pair of segmented appendages extending from the lower part of the head; usually smaller than the labial palpi and may be reduced or absent in some families

medial:

to the middle, center, toward center line

melanic:

darkened, blackened

mesothorax:

the middle segment of the thorax

metathorax:

the most posterior thoracic segment

mottled:

having spots or blotches of color

multivoltine:

having or producing several generations per year

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N

Nearctic:

the region consisting of most of North America, from Greenland south to northern Mexico

Neotropical:

the region encompassing southern Mexico and Florida, South and Central America, and the Caribbean islands

nocturnal:

active or flying at night

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O

Oceania:

the region consisting of the islands of Micronesia, Fiji, and most of Polynesia

ocelli:

plural of ocellus; a simple insect "eye" located dorsal to the compound eye

ostium bursae:

the female copulatory orifice; the entrance to the bursa copulatrix

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P

Palearctic:

the region encompassing Europe, northern Asia, northern Africa, and the Arabian Peninsula

papillae anales:

the female ovipositor lobes

pecten:

a comblike or rakelike structure located on the first antennal segment

pectinate:

ccwith branches or processes like the teeth of a comb

pinacula:

flattened sclerotized plates on a caterpillar that bear the setae

pinaculum:

singular of "pinacula"

polymorphic:

rrhaving more than one form

porrect:

extending forward horizontally

posterior:

after, to the rear, toward anal end

prothoracic shield:

a sclerotized plate on the dorsalsurface of the prothorax

prothorax:

the most anterior thoracic segment

proximal:

toward the base, nearest the body or point of attachment

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R

retinaculum:

a hook or series of bristles on the underside of the forewing used to engage the frenulum to couple the front and hind wings

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S

sacculus:

the ventral margin of the male valva

scape:

the basal segment of an insect antenna

sclerotized:

hardened

scobinate:

rasplike

setose:

covered with setae

sexually dimorphic:

the male differs distinctly from the female of the same species (see dimorphic)

signa:

plural of "signum"

signum:

a sclerotized projection or patch on the interior of the corpus bursae

sinuate:

a curved or wavy margin

socii:

a pair of lightly sclerotized setose lobes

spatulate:

spoonlike, narrow basally and enlarged and rounded apically

sterigma:

the sclerotized region surrounding the female ostium bursae

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T

termen:

the outer edge of the forewing

tympanum:

a membrane-covered cavity that serves as a hearing organ

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U

uncus:

a sclerotized process which is fused to the posterodorsal margin of tergum IX

univoltine:

having or producing one generation per year

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V

valva:

an appendage flanking the intromittent organ that is used to clasp the female during copulation

valvae:

plural of "valva"

ventral:

lower, to the bottom, on the under side

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