LBAM Lucid Keys
The following Lucid3 keys will open in a new browser window. If this is your first time using the keys, please
read the How to use page and the following notes for instructions and tips. For information on using
the Lucid3 Player please view the help files for the player, which can be accessed in the player or on the
Information & links page. If you have problems opening the keys,
the Lucid3 system requirements page has system requirements and instructions for
multiple operating systems.
Information on removal of specimens from sticky traps, male and female dissection, and a quick screening aid for LBAM
adults in sticky traps can be found on the Information & links page.
Please read before accessing the keys:
Features may be selected in any order. Do not guess when selecting a feature state. If you are not confident with choosing a state,
move to another feature.
When using the larval keys check the setae on both sides of the head or body, since asymmetry is possible. If asymmetry does exist,
use the highest number of setae when navigating the keys.
If all entities are discarded during the keying process it is possible that: 1) the taxon is not in the key, 2) the specimen is damaged
(e.g., from trap or bad fluid preservation of larva), 3) setal asymmetry or a developmental defect was not observed by the authors,
and/or 4) you made an interpretation error when using the key.
Viewing entities with the Ranked sort
option may be very helpful, especially in the tortricid keys. When using this view entities are not discarded, but rather ranked
according to their percent match to the selected features. Entities with a very high percent match may need closer examination to ensure
that the specimen is not broken or that an error was not made when choosing a feature state. When no entities remain in the key using the Filtered
sort (default) option, switching to the Ranked sort option may reveal one or several high percent matching entities.
It is very difficult to positively confirm larvae as LBAM or discard larvae as not LBAM using only morphological characters. Users should
be aware of the limitations of the keys and are advised to consult an expert whenever an identification is in question. For more information
please read the How to use page.
Adult images are included in the larval keys as these are representative of the species. Images of larvae for some species are found on the
individual fact sheets.
The keys contain a large number of graphics and may take time to load on some systems. After clicking on a
particular key please be patient as the key loads.
Lepidoptera Family Adult Key
Lepidoptera Family Larval Key
Tortricidae Adult Key
Tortricidae Larval Key