How to use

Fact sheets

ID thumbnails


Information & links



Copyright, citation,
and disclaimers

Search DNA

Lucid3 system



Copyright, citation, and disclaimers

Copyright notice

Unless otherwise indicated, content in LBAM ID was created and/or authored under a cooperative agreement between Colorado State University (CSU), the California Department of Food and Agriculture (CDFA), and the Center for Plant Health Science and Technology (USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST). This content may be freely distributed or copied in the public domain for non-commercial purposes. However, it is requested that in any subsequent use of this work the authors, CSU, CDFA, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST be given appropriate acknowledgement (see below).

LBAM ID may contain information, text, and images created and/or prepared by individuals or institutions other than CSU, CDFA, or USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST, that may be protected by copyright. Sources of information and text are mentioned on the Acknowledgements page, and in most instances the origin of images has been indicated in image captions or on specific fact sheets. Users must seek permission from the copyright owner(s) to use this material. Links to the Internet sites of some individuals and institutions are available on the Acknowledgements page; contact Todd Gilligan (Contact page) if you need assistance identifying or locating the copyright owner.

Suggested citation

Gilligan, T. M. and M. E. Epstein. 2009. LBAM ID, Tools for diagnosing light brown apple moth and related western U. S. leafrollers (Tortricidae: Archipini). Colorado State Univeristy, California Department of Food and Agriculture, and Center for Plant Health Science and Technology, USDA, APHIS, PPQ.

Image Credits

(Unless otherwise noted)

Photo: T. M. Gilligan & M. E. Epstein, LBAM ID (CSU, CDFA, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST)


While the authors have made every effort to provide accurate information in LBAM ID, the authors, Colorado State University, the California Department of Food and Agriculture, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST specifically disclaim all legal liability with respect to the accuracy, completeness, or usefulness of any information contained in LBAM ID. The authors and associated institutions shall assume no legal liability for any damages, including direct, indirect, consequential, compensatory, special, punitive, or incidental damages arising from or relating to the use of LBAM ID or the information and materials provided by or linked from LBAM ID.

External links

Some web pages in LBAM ID provide links to Internet sites for the convenience of users. The authors, CSU, CDFA, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST are not responsible for the availability or content of these external sites, nor do the authors, CSU, CDFA, and USDA/APHIS/PPQ/CPHST endorse or warrant the products, services, or information described or offered by these Internet sites.